Curitiba Tube Stations
The Curitiba busways are located along “structural axes” that comprise three roads, the
central one of which is a busway and service-access road. Busways are continuous along five
corridors or structural axes with a total length of 58 km.xiii The basic cross section of the
busway and service roads is shown in Figure 5; the cross-section widths are shown in Table 3.
Busway characteristics are the following:
• The track is used exclusively by trunk line buses.
• The track is separated from other service-access traffic by continuous physical islands
or by island bus stop platforms.
• Busway crossings with other roads are generally at grade and signal controlled (it is
believed bus traffic signal actuation exists).
• The track is located in the center of the bus and service-access road, and thus, the
busway-road, unlike many attempted adaptations of the “Curitiba principle” in other
cities, is not a major traffic-carrying route. Passenger access to/from stops does not
involve crossing through dense, possibly fast moving traffic.
• The curb-to-curb envelope contains eight lanes; it is about 26 meters [85 feet] wide.
• Tube stations preempt the parking lanes adjacent to the busway.
Passenger facilities along the busway structural axes/corridors are of three types:
• “Tube” stops, which equate to conventional bus stops and are located at spacing of
about 450 to500 m along the 58 km of busways;
• Interchange-integration terminals at the out-of-city end of each of the five structural
axes/corridors to permit trunk-feeder bus interchange; and
• Mid-route, smaller terminals at key points, about 2-km spacing, along each busway
corridor to permit trunk-feeder bus interchange.
Curitiba, Brazil 7
Tube Stops
The “tube” passenger stop platforms or stations are the trademark of the Curitiba system
(Figure 6). They can serve three times as many passengers per hour as a conventional bus.
“Tube” stops are used both on the trunk line busways and on the express buses (off the
busway). Stop details are as follows:
• On busways, tube stops are located at about 500-m [0.3-mile] spacing.
• The tubes include raised platforms (low-floor buses are not in operation) and provide
passenger weather protection; the stops are constructed from a plexiglass-type
material with steel ribs.
• The tube stops are equipped with doors to enter/exit buses; these are coordinated with
doors on the buses – five doors on the trunk line bi-articulated buses (and two on
express buses).xiv
• Disabled and wheelchair access to the high-level stops is made through a small
elevator at each stop (see Figures 7 and 8).
• Passenger boarding and alighting of buses is gap free and level; this is achieved by the
use of fold-down steps from bus doors, which deploy automatically as bus doors are
opened and position onto the threshold of the platform (see Figure 9); it is understood
that bus-platform positioning door-to-door is done visually by the driver, and there is
adequate tolerance to ensure safe operation of the system;
• The stops are designed to speed passenger handling, and fares are paid by passengers
at the entry to the stop – similar to a metro. Each stop is equipped with turnstiles
(numbers depend on size of stop) and are manned by a ticket collector–inspector (see
later discussion on smart card technology). Typical dwell times at stops are less than
20 seconds.
• On busways, tube stops are on line with no special prov...

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  • Wilson Netto
    Wilson Netto commented
    Io abito qui! :)
    about 6 years ago via iPhone