Coors Field
Coors Field, located in Denver, Colorado, is the home field of Major League Baseball's Colorado Rockies. It is named for the Coors Brewing Company of Golden, Colorado, which purchased the naming rights to the park prior to its completion in 1995. The Rockies played their first two seasons, 1993 and 1994, in Mile High Stadium before moving to Coors Field, two blocks from Union Station in Denver's Lower Downtown (or LoDo) neighborhood. The park includes 63 luxury suites and 4,526 club seats.

Construction
Coors Field was the first new stadium added in a six-year period in which Denver's sports venues were upgraded, along with Pepsi Center and INVESCO Field at Mile High. It was also the first baseball-only National League Park since Dodger Stadium was built in 1962. As with the other new venues, Coors Field was constructed with accessibility in mind. It sits near Interstate 25 and has direct access to the 20th Street and Park Avenue exits. Nearby Union Station also provides light rail access. Coors Field was originally planned to be somewhat smaller, seating only 43,800. However, after the Rockies drew almost 4.5 million people in their first season at Mile High Stadium - the most in baseball history - the plans were altered during construction, and new seats in the right field upper deck were added. The center field bleacher section has its own informal name: "The Rockpile." During the 1993 and 1994 seasons when the team played at Mile High Stadium, which was a hybrid football/baseball venue, the Rockpile was located in the south stands, which were in dead center field and very distant from home plate. The same design was incorporated into Coors Field, and is located in deep center field up high. The original Rockpile seats cost a dollar each. During construction, workers discovered a number of dinosaur fossils throughout the grounds, including a 7-foot-long (2.1 m) 1,000-pound (450 kg) triceratops skull. Because of this, "Jurassic Park" was one of the first names to be considered for the stadium. This later led to the selection of a dinosaur as the Rockies' mascot, "Dinger." Coors Field was the first major league park with an underground heating system.

Features
While most of the seats in Coors Field are dark green, the seats in the 20th row of the upper deck are purple. This marks the city's one mile elevation point. The Blue Moon Brewery at The Sandlot is a microbrewery/ restaurant that is behind the Right Field Stands, with an entrance from Coors Field, and from Blake Street. The brewery is operated by the Coors Brewing Company, and experiments with craft beers on a small scale. Every year, they receive awards at the Great American Beer Festival in many different categories. The popular Blue Moon, a Belgian-Style Wheat beer was invented here, and is now mass produced by Coors. The restaurant is housed in a building that is attached to the stadium. Coors Field has an extensive selection of food items. Selections include sushi, rocky mountain oysters, Rockie dogs, Denver dogs, Tucson dogs, and of course all of the usual ball park items. Behind the center field wall is a landscape decoration that reflects the typical environment of the Rocky Mountains. This landscape area consists of a waterfall, fountains, and pine trees. After a Rockies home run or win the fountains shoot high into the air. The park has two large light emitting diode (LED) video displays and one ribbon display in the outfield from Daktronics. The top display, underneath the "Rockies," measures 27 feet high by 47 feet wide (8.1 m x 14.35 m). The second display measure 33 feet high by 73 feet wide and is used to give lineups and statistics and as a scoreboard. The field also contains several Daktronics ribbon displays, totaling approximately 833 feet in length.

Reputation as a home run-friendly park
Stadium designers speculated early on that Coors Field would give up a lot of home runs. It is by far the highest park in the majors, and designers knew that the low air density at such a high elevation would result in balls traveling further than in other parks. With this in mind, the outfield fences were placed at an unusually far distance from home plate; thus creating one of the largest outfields in baseball today. Because of the large outfield, for many years Coors Field not only gave up the most home runs in baseball, but also gave up the most doubles and triples as well. In its first decade, the above-average number of home runs earned Coors Field a reputation as the most hitter-friendly park in Major League Baseball, earning the nickname "Coors Canaveral" among critics (a reference to Cape Canaveral, from where NASA launches spacecraft). Prior to the 2002 baseball season, studies determined that it was more the dry air rather than thin air which contributed to the more frequent home runs. It was found that baseballs stored in drier air are harder and therefore more elastic to the impact of the bat. A room-sized humidor was installed in which to store the baseballs, and since its introduction the number of home runs at Coors Field has decreased and is now nearly the same as other parks. Regardless of ball humidity, elevation is still a factor to the game. The ball does slip easier through the thin air allowing for longer hits. In addition, the curveball tends to curve less with the thin air than at sea level leading to fewer strikeouts and fewer effective pitches for pitchers to work with. Coors Field twice broke the major league record for home runs hit in a ballpark in one season. The previous record, 248, had been set at the Los Angeles version of Wrigley Field in 1961, its only year for major league ball. In Coors Field's first year, the home run total fell just 7 short of that mark, despite losing 9 games from the home schedule (or one-ninth of the normal 81) due to the strike that had continued from 1994. The next season, 1996, with a full schedule finally, 271 home runs were hit at Coors Field. In 1999, the current major league record was set at 303. Efforts to "rig" the ball have apparently worked, as the annual home run figure dropped noticeably in 2002, and have dropped below 200 starting in 2005. (Yearly totals are from Retrosheet: )

Notable events
The 1998 Major League Baseball All-Star Game took place in Coors Field. In June 2002, the New York Yankees made their first regular season trip to Coors Field. The series was a slugfest, with the two teams combining to score 70 runs. The Yankees won the first two games by scores of 10”“5 and 20”“10, and the Rockies took the series finale in 10 innings by a score of 14”“11. On July 2nd, 2003 a 3-flight escalator malfunctioned, injuring 30 people. One woman, Peggy Nance, eventually would have to have her leg amputated. Overcrowding and a malfunctioning wire were blamed. The Rockies never admitted to any responsibility. There have been nine 1-0 games in Coors Field history, as of June 12, 2010. The first 1-0 game at Coors Field was on July 9, 2005 , meaning all nine games have occurred since Major League Baseball allowed the Rockies to start using a humidor on May 15, 2002:
  • July 9, 2005, when the Rockies beat the San Diego Padres
  • April 16, 2006, when the Philadelphia Phillies beat the Rockies
  • July 25, 2006, when the St. Louis Cardinals beat the Rockies
  • August 1, 2006, when the Milwaukee Brewers beat the Rockies
  • June 11, 2008, when the Rockies beat the San Francisco Giants
  • September 14, 2008, when the Rockies beat the Los Angeles Dodgers in 10 innings
  • September 17, 2008, when the Rockies beat the San Diego Padres
  • July 6, 2009, when the Rockies beat the Washington Nationals
  • June 12, 2010, when the Rockies beat the Toronto Blue Jays
Games 3 and 4 of the 2007 World Series against the Boston Red Sox were held at Coors Field. The Red Sox won the World Series at Coors Field in Game 4. Coors Field may also be used as a future site for the NHL Winter Classic should the Colorado Avalanche be the host team.

The "Voice" of Coors Field
Alan Roach was the main PA announcer since Coors Field opened in 1995. In the spring preceding the 2007 Rockies season, Roach announced his retirement from his post at Coors Field to spend more time over the summer with his family. He did come back to substitute for Reed Saunders for 2 games in 2008. Roach is also the PA announcer for the nearby Colorado Avalanche hockey team of the NHL and the Denver Broncos of the NFL. He also provides voice-overs for local sports introductions in the region, in addition to hosting a local sports talk radio show. He is also one of the voices of the train system at Denver International Airport, and has also been heard as the PA announcer at recent Super Bowls. Reed Saunders, 23, was chosen to be the new voice of Coors Field on March 16, 2007.

In popular culture
Coors Field appears in the South Park episodes " Professor Chaos" and " The Losing Edge" and was featured in the movie The Fan (1996) Featuring Robert De Niro and Wesley Snipes.

Coors Fields Firsts
  • Official game: April 26, 1995 (Colorado 11, New York Mets 9)
  • National Anthem: Colorado Children's Chorale
  • Pitch: 5:38 p.m., Bill Swift to Brett Butler
  • Batter: Brett Butler for an infield single
  • Run: April 26, 1995 vs. NY Mets (Walt Weiss)
  • Extra-Base Hit: Larry Walker doubles in the first inning
  • Home Run: April, 26, 1995 Rico Brogna in the fourth inning off Bill Swift
  • Grand Slam: April 26 1995, Todd Hundley
  • Stolen Base: April 27, 1995 Eric Young and Walt Weiss double steal
  • Extra Inning Game: April 26, 1995 vs. Mets (Rockies 11, Mets 9
  • Complete Game Shutout: June 16, 1995, Tom Glavine
  • Back to Back Home Runs: May 6, 1995 Mike Kingery and Roberto Mejia
  • Pinch Base Hit: April 26, 1995, Jim Tatum
  • No-hitter: September 17, 1996, Hideo Nomo, Los Angeles Dodgers (still the only no-hitter thrown at Coors to date)


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