Church of the AdvocateEdit profile
The George W. South Memorial Church of the Advocate, also known as the George W. South Memorial Protestant Episcopal Church, is a historic church in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The church was built from 1887 to 1897 as a memorial to the merchant and civil leader George W. South. The church was designed by Charles Marquedant Burns (1838 ”“ 1922), a prominent church architect in the late 19th and early 20th century. It was intended to serve as the Episcopal Cathedral of Philadelphia. The church was the site in 1974 of the first ordinations of women as priests in the Episcopal Church. The church contains a series of 14 murals depicting vignettes of the Black experience in America, including slavery, emancipation, and scenes from the Civil Rights Movement. They were painted between 1973 and 1976 by Philadelphia artists Walter Edmonds and Richard Watson. The murals can be found primarily in the transepts and aisles of the church. Father Washington commissioned the murals in response to black parishioners who felt that the African-American experience was not validated in the church despite the fact that the majority of the community was African-American. Each of the fourteen murals was painted by either Edmonds or Watson, each of whom has a very different artistic style. Edmonds’s pieces are mostly in fiery shades of orange and yellow and depict the violent oppression of blacks in America. Watson , on the other hand, used a cooler palate in his paintings to express sorrow in the black experience and the importance of memorializing this history as a way to find courage for the future. The church was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1980, and was designated a National Historic Landmark on June 19, 1996. The Church of the Advocate serves as host space for Art Sanctuary, a Black art performance program in the heart of the Black community.