Cathedral of the Holy Trinity, Gibraltar

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Cathedral of the Holy Trinity, Gibraltar
The Cathedral of the Holy Trinity, Gibraltar is the cathedral for the Church of England Diocese of Gibraltar in Europe. Located in Cathedral Square, it is sometimes referred to simply as Gibraltar Cathedral, although it should not be confused with the Cathedral of St. Mary the Crowned, which is Gibraltar's Roman Catholic cathedral. The Cathedral is particularly notable for its Moorish revival architecture - particularly in its use of horseshoe arches. This is an architectural style inspired by Moorish architecture, appropriate given the period of Moorish control in Gibraltar's history.

History of the Cathedral

19th Century
The church was originally built to meet the needs of Anglican worshippers among the civil population of Gibraltar, as the King's Chapel was primarily reserved for military use. John Pitt, Earl of Chatham, who had arrived as Governor of Gibraltar in 1820, persuaded the British Government to sell a derelict building and use the money to build a plain church on the land. Building work began in 1825, and the church was completed in 1832. The architect is unknown; Colonel Pilkington of the Royal Engineers was in charge of the work. During the building process, the partially completed church had to be used for a short time as an emergency hospital during an epidemic of Yellow Fever. The church was consecrated in 1838 by Archdeacon Edward Burrow in the presence of the Dowager Queen Adelaide, widow of William IV. It was raised to Cathedral status in 1842, with the creation of the Diocese of Gibraltar at the time of enthronement of George Tomlinson as the first Bishop of Gibraltar.

20th Century
The Cathedral suffered no significant damage during the Second World War. After the war had come to an end, Bishop Harold Buxton made an appeal for the purpose of "Saying Thank You to Malta and Gibraltar", with the intention of raising funds to be spent on improvements for St. Paul's Pro Cathedral, Malta and the Cathedral in Gibraltar. In Gibraltar the money raised was used for the construction of new vestries and the creation of a second chapel in the south aisle of the Cathedral, to be dedicated to Saint George and in memory of all who lost their lives in the Mediterranean area during the war. A stone from Coventry Cathedral, which was ruined in the blitz, is let into the wall behind the baptismal font. It is a small stone with a cross. The explosion of the RFA Bedenham on 27 April 1951 caused substantial damage to the Cathedral, lifting the roof and smashing the stained glass. The windows in the sides of the building were re-glazed with plain glass, whilst the gathered fragments of coloured glass were used to construct the new stained glass window which remains in the east wall, above the high altar. The Cathedral required extensive repair work and was not in use until Christmas of that year.

As with all Church of England cathedrals, the priest in charge of the building and its ministry is called the Dean. He is assisted by a Canon Precentor, who also acts as Port Chaplain to the Port of Gibraltar. The third priest at the cathedral is a non-stipendiary (unpaid) honorary minor canon. The Bishop of Gibraltar is not resident locally; due to the vast extent of his diocese, he lives near Gatwick Airport in England to facilitate transport.

List of the Deans of Gibraltar from 1905

Dean Tenure Notes Decimus Storry Govett 1905”“1912 William Thomas Baring Hayter 1913”“1920 James Cropper 1920”“1927 Geoffrey Hodgson Warde 1928”“1933 Walter Kenrick Knight-Adkin 1933”“1941 James Johnston 1941”“1943 Acting Dean William Ashley ”“Brown 1943”“1945 George Stephen Nason 1945”“1950 Henry Morgan Lloyd 1950”“1960 Godfrey Stuart Harling Worsley 1960”“1969 George Kenneth Giggall 1969”“1973 Ambrose Walter Marcus Weekes 1973”“1977 Robert William Pope 1977”“1982 Daniel John Rowlands 1982”“1986 Anthony Lindsey Nind 1986”“1989 Brian William Horlock 1989”“1998 William Gordon Reid 1998”“2000 Kenneth Robinson 2000”“2003 Alan Geoffrey Woods 2003”“2008 John Allan Barnes Paddock 2008-

Building Activity

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