Catcliffe is a village and civil parish on the north-west bank of the River Rother in South Yorkshire, England. It is located in the Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham, about 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) south of the town of Rotherham and 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) east of Sheffield City Centre.

History
Catcliffe is mentioned in the Domesday book, its name is presumed to mean the cliff where the cats live. In 1740 William Fenney established a glassworks here. The site was chosen, amongst other reasons, for being 10.5 miles away from Fenney's a glassworks in Bolsterstone, formerly owned by his mother-in-law"the terms of her will prevented him from setting up a glassworks within 10 miles of the town. One of the cones of this glassworks still exists and is the oldest surviving structure of its type in Western Europe. It is a Grade I listed building and a Scheduled Ancient Monument. On 25 June 2007 the village was evacuated because of fears that cracks in the dam at Ulley reservoir could lead to widespread flooding in the valley. Catcliffe railway station opened on 30 April 1900 and closed on 11 September 1939.

Governance
Catcliffe is a civil parish and local issues are governed by a Parish Council, one of 29 such councils in the Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham, whose Chairman is Councillor Darren J L Hughes. It is in the Brinsworth and Catcliffe Ward of the Borough, which is represented on the Borough Council by Reg Littleboy and Alan Buckley of the Labour Party, and John Gamble of the British National Party. This ward is part of the Rother Valley parliamentary constituency, and is represented in the House of Commons by MP Kevin Barron of the Labour Party who has held the seat since 1983.

Geography
Catcliffe is located on the west side of the River Rother, about 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) south of the town of Rotherham and 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) east of Sheffield City Centre. The village sits on the floor of the Rother Valley, ranging from about 30 metres (98 ft) to 50 metres (160 ft) above mean sea level. The village is susceptible to flooding and was badly affected by the floods of June 2007.

Demography
At the time of the United Kingdom 2001 Census the population of Catcliffe civil parish was 1,766 people. The ethnic mix was 98.9% white ( White British, White Irish, or White Other), 0.3% Black British, 0.2% Asian, and 0.6% mixed race. Below is a table outlining population change of the parish since 1801.

Landmarks
As well as the glass cone, the centre of the village is dominated by a nine-arch viaduct that was built in 1901 to carry the Sheffield District Railway across the River Rother. Catcliffe Flash, to the south of the village, is a local nature reserve that is made up of a lake and marshland formed as the elevation of the land beside the River Rother dropped due to coal mining subsidence.

Transport
Catcliffe is bisected by the A630 Sheffield Parkway, close to junction 33 of the M1 motorway. Bus services provided by First South Yorkshire, Powells Bus Co., and TM Travel link the village with Rotherham Town Centre, Sheffield City Centre, and the Meadowhall Centre, as well as the surrounding villages. The closest mainline railway stations are at Sheffield, Rotherham, and Meadowhall. The Sheffield District Railway ran through the village, and there was a passenger station at Catcliffe railway station from 1900 to 1939.

Notable people
Former English footballer Gordon Banks was born in Catcliffe. His nephew Nick Banks, drummer for the band Pulp, now owns a pottery in the village. Pulp used to rehearse in Catcliffe and wrote the song Catcliffe Shakedown a negative portrayal about the village.

References and notes
Year 1801 1871 1901 1951 2001 Population 135 336 1,232 2,048 1,766 Source: A Vision of Britain through Time