California Medical Facility
California Medical Facility (CMF) is a male-only state prison located in the city of Vacaville, Solano County, California. It is older than California State Prison, Solano, the other state prison in Vacaville.

CMF's facilities include Level I ("Open dormitories without a secure perimeter") housing, Level II ("Open dormitories with secure perimeter fences and armed coverage") housing, and Level III ("Individual cells, fenced perimeters and armed coverage") housing. With a "general acute care hospital, correctional treatment center (CTC), licensed elderly care unit, in-patient and out-patient psychiatric facilities, a hospice unit for terminally ill inmates, housing and treatment for inmates identified with AIDS/ HIV, general population, and other special inmate housing," it is known as "the prison system's health care flagship" and "has many of its best clinical programs." CMF has the largest hospital among California prisons. Furthermore, "the Department of Mental Health operates a licensed, acute care psychiatric hospital within CMF." In 2005, CMF had 506 medical staff positions (many of which were not filled) and a health care budget of $72 million. As of Fiscal Year 2006/2007, CMF had a total of 1,853 staff and an annual budget of $180 million. As of September 2007, it had a design capacity of 2,179 but a total institution population of 3,047, for an occupancy rate of 139.9 percent.

CMF opened in 1955. Among other programs at CMF, the Blind Project began in 1960. Inmates who participate in the project create audiobooks, transcribe books into Braille, clean and repair Perkins Brailler machines, and resurface eyeglasses. In 1984, the California prison system's first AIDS case was treated at CMF, and later "the system's first specialized AIDS facilities" were developed there. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, the quality of medical care at CMF was found to be lacking, as evidenced by the following:
  • After an investigation, the U.S. Justice Department sent a January 1987 letter to then-Governor George Deukmejian stating that CMF "deprive inmates of their right to be free from deliberate indifference to their serious medical needs."
  • A 1988 lawsuit charged that CMF was "a filthy, vermin-infested, overcrowded prison," and that medical care there was "grossly inadequate." Although at the time "all inmates in California prisons" with HIV/AIDS were sent to CMF, the suit claimed that "overcrowded housing and medical conditions in the AIDS wing are worse than in the main prison." A 1990 consent decree caused CMF's health care to "operat under a separate set of rules and with supervision by a court-appointed expert," but a 1998 agreement "plac the medical and psychiatric care at the facility under the same rules and guidelines as those affecting the rest of the state prison system."
  • A 1989 lawsuit by HIV-infected inmates at CMF claimed that separate housing limited their access to prison services (such as recreation, visitation, and jobs) and subjected them to "unnecessary mental anguish." A consent decree led to "a pilot program to integrate up to 30 of the 140 AIDS-infected inmates at Vacaville into the prison's general population."
  • In spring 1992, "the two top H.I.V. specialists at the prison resigned, frustrated by limited resources and what they described as institutionalized apathy toward AIDS among inmates." The California State Assembly's Public Safety Committee wrote a 1992 report criticizing the care of inmates with HIV or disabilities at CMF. By January 1993, CMF had "embarked on a $5.8 million plan to improve the care of AIDS patients," including "a renovated housing unit, a hospice, an enlarged staff, an ombudsman to hear complaints, warmer clothes and nutritional supplements and sensitivity training for guards."
In 1996 at CMF, "a 17-bed, state-licensed hospice began caring for dying inmates" which was the first hospice among California prisons. Due to an increasing population of elderly at CMF, a nursing home with 21 beds opened in September 2005 "as a pilot program."

Infamous inmates
  • Juan Corona spent "part of his time" after his first (1973) conviction at CMF.
  • Richard Allen Davis was at CMF twice. In 1974, after being arrested for burglary, he was sent to CMF "for a 90-diagnostic study." He was also sentenced to spend six years in CMF for a separate burglary beginning August 1975, but was "paroled a year later."
  • Edmund Kemper is a current inmate who was incarcerated "a short time after" his 1972-1973 murders. He was denied parole in July 2007 but will be eligible for another parole hearing in July 2012.
  • Timothy Leary served time at CMF in 1973-1974 "for possession of marijuana and escape from a minimum security prison at San Luis Obispo ".
  • Charles Manson was transferred from Folsom State Prison to CMF in March 1974 based on "deterioration of his mental condition"; he was returned to Folsom in October 1974. He was again transferred to CMF in May 1976 where he stayed for over nine years. While at CMF Manson gave his first notable interview on June 13, 1981 to Tom Snyder for NBC's The Tomorrow Show . In September 1984, "following a dispute about... Hare Krishna religious chanting," a fellow inmate "doused with paint thinner and set afire," causing "second-and third-degree burns on the head, face and hands." Manson was transferred to San Quentin State Prison in July 1985.
  • Theodore Streleski was released unconditionally from CMF in September 1985 after 7 years and 20 days there.
  • Amara Vadillo, aka Sylvia Boots, a pre-operative male-to-female transsexual, was admitted to Vacaville's medical facility on August 30, 2004. Having lost an appeal on her murder conviction in 2007, Vadillo is serving her sentence of 45 years to life for the murder of fellow male-to-female transsexual Laura (aka Crystal) Banuelos on August 18, 2002, outside a nightclub in West Hollywood, CA.