Burghley House
Burghley House is a grand 16th-century country house near the town of Stamford, Lincolnshire, England (Burghley House itself is just within Cambridgeshire). Its park was laid out by Capability Brown.

Burghley was built for Sir William Cecil, later 1st Baron Burghley, who was Lord High Treasurer to Queen Elizabeth I, between 1558 and 1587 and modelled on the privy lodgings of Richmond Palace. It was subsequently the residence of his descendants, the Earls and Marquesses of Exeter, and since 1961 is owned by a charitable trust established by the family. Lady Victoria Leatham, a daughter of the 6th Marquess and a well-known antiques expert and television personality ran the House as a Director of the Trust from 1982 to 2007. She has been succeeded by her daughter Miranda Rock. The house is one of the principal examples of 16th century English Elizabethan architecture and also has a suite of rooms remodelled in the baroque style, with carvings by Grinling Gibbons. The main part of the house has 35 major rooms on the ground and first floors. There are more than 80 lesser rooms and numerous halls, corridors, bathrooms and service areas. In the 17th century, the open loggias around the ground floor were enclosed. Although the house was built in the letter E in honour of Queen Elizabeth, it is now missing its north-west wing. During the period of the 9th Earl's ownership, and under the guidance of "Capability" Brown, the south front was raised to alter the roof line, and the north-west wing was demolished to allow better views of the new parkland.

in the Pagoda Room there are portraits of the Cecil family, Queen Elizabeth I, her father Henry VIII and Oliver Cromwell. Furthermore, there are also many extremely delicately painted walls and ceilings done by Antonio Verrio

Lost village
The Domesday village of Burghley was abandoned by 1450. It has been suggested that failure to locate it by archaeology is because it is below Burghley House.

The avenues in the park were all laid out by Capability Brown, paying due respect to pre-existing plantings, some of which were from the 16th century or earlier. Brown also created the park's man made lake in 1775”“80. He discovered a seam of waterproof "blue" clay on the grounds, and was able to enlarge the original 9 acre (36,000 m²) pond to the existing 26 acre (105,000 m²) lake. Its clever design gives the impression of looking at a meandering river. Brown also designed the Lion Bridge at a cost of 1,000 guineas (£1,050 ) in 1778. Originally, Coade-stone lions were used as ornamentation but these perished, and the existing stone examples, made by local mason Herbert Gilbert, have been in place since 1844. Queen Victoria and her husband Prince Albert also planted two trees to commemorate their visit. The spade that was used is on show in the bedroom that they stayed in. As well as the annual Burghley Horse Trials, Burghley plays host to the famous "Burghley Run" for Stamford School and an annual meet for the Cambridge University Draghounds. Recent developments have included starting a Sculpture garden around the old ice house, and in 2007 a Garden of surprises was created using traditional ideas of water traps, shell grottos and a mirror maze, but all done in a 21st century style.

The Lincolnshire county boundary crosses between the town and the house which, in fact, is located in the ancient Soke of Peterborough, once a part of Northamptonshire, but now in Cambridgeshire; it is administered as part of the City of Peterborough unitary authority. The house is a Grade I listed building. The site is open to the public. Currently there are many restoration projects happening at Burghley house. The biggest and the one that affects the scenery are happening near the great Lion Bridge. It is possible that this is in aid of the Burghley Horse Trials.

Burghley House has been featured in several films over the years. It is well known as a premier location for historical movies. The virtually unaltered Elizabethan façades and a variety of historic interiors make Burghley a frequent destination for film directors. Films and programmes made at Burghley include:
  • The Da Vinci Code
  • Pride & Prejudice
  • Elizabeth The Golden Age
  • BBC Two filmed a 15-part series about Burghley House that is being broadcast in the Castle in the Country programmes that started in October 2006.
  • Burghley House was one of fifteen structures featured in the 2010 BBC series Climbing Great Buildings.
  • In 2011 Burghley House featured on the TV program 'Royal Upstairs Downstairs'.


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