Brindleyplace
Brindleyplace is a large mixed-use canalside development, in the Westside district of Birmingham, England. It is often written erroneously as Brindley Place, the name of the street (in turn named after the 18th century canal engineer James Brindley) around which it is built. It was developed by Argent Group PLC from 1993 onwards. In addition to shops, bars and restaurants, Brindleyplace is home to the National Sea Life Centre, Royal Bank of Scotland, BRMB, and the Ikon Gallery of art. The site covers 17 acres (69,000 m²) of mixed-use redevelopment on a grand scale - the UK's largest such project. The Birmingham Canal Navigations Main Line Canal separates Brindleyplace from the International Convention Centre, although there are linking bridges. The National Indoor Arena, Old Turn Junction and bustling bars of Broad Street are nearby and it is easily accessible and within walking distance of the main bus and train routes.

History
The area occupied by Brindleyplace was, at the height of Birmingham's industrial past, the site of factories, however, by the 1970s as Britain's manufacturing went into decline, the factories closed down and the buildings lay derelict for many years. Birmingham City Council's aim was to create an environment of water features, walkways and new office and leisure buildings, that would open out onto the adjacent canal. The scheme was assembled by the council in the 1980s. The council were also seeing success with the construction of the International Convention Centre with the Symphony Hall, and the National Indoor Arena. A development brief was drawn up, identifying the site as an area to attract people to compliment the convention centre. Initial proposals were drawn up by Merlin, who teamed with developers Shearwater. However, Merlin pulled out of the scheme and were replaced by Rosehaugh. Rosehaugh had paid £26 million for the site in 1990. Rosehaugh revised Merlin's retail-led scheme to include more office space and a residential element. By 1992, a detailed set of proposals which included retailing and restaurants with a central square had been agreed. However, Rosehaugh went into receivership by the end of the year. Argent took over the scheme, paying £3 million to the receivers. Argent slightly amended the plans by separating the residential element from the rest of the scheme and commencing construction of the Water's Edge first, along with an office building. By 1995, when Argent refinanced the scheme, the land value was back over £25 million. The Water's Edge was trading successfully and the housing element, Symphony Court, had sold all of its units. The price for the average family house in the scheme was over £200,000. Short term finance was supplied by Hypobank.

Buildings
A variety of architects were used to design the buildings in the complex to create a range of architectural styles. The masterplan was designed by Terry Farrell. Buildings one, two, four and six Brindleyplace together with the City Inn were all built by Carillion, as was the conversion of the Ikon Gallery from a Victorian school. All the buildings are lowrise with the tallest being Three Brindleyplace at 55 metres (180 ft). Eight Brindleyplace is the second tallest with a height of 52 metres (171 ft), although it has more floors than Three Brindleyplace. Both of these buildings will be surpassed in height upon the completion of Eleven Brindleyplace.

Office buildings
One Brindleyplace One Brindleyplace is a five storey office building fronting onto Broad Street. It provides 68,553 square feet (6,368.8 m 2) of office space and 134 car parking spaces. It was the only new office building to be completed in Birmingham in 1995. Two Brindleyplace Two Brindleyplace is a six storey office building with 75,000 square feet (6,968 m 2) office space. It is built of Marshalls clay brick. The brickwork is a free-standing 9 inches (23 cm) flemish bond. By utilizing a 9 inches (23 cm) outer leaf it was possible to carry, wind loads between floors (3.9 m) and tie the brickwork laterally to the floor plates only. More than 1,000 Lloyds TSB employees work in the building. The departments based at Brindleyplace include the International Department and Concerns. The entrance to the building is by revolving door with three pass activated revolving doors into the main building next to reception. The top floor houses a large canteen area with seating for around 150 staff. Three Brindleyplace Three Brindleyplace is occupied by GVA Grimley, Watson Wyatt Worldwide and Regus, and was once let to Royal Mail. It has a full height glazed atrium which consists of a light post-and-spandrel structure. There are three passenger lifts and 23 on-site car parking spaces. Construction commenced in 1996 and was completed in April 1998. Four Brindleyplace Four Brindleyplace consists of 114,000 square feet (10,591 m 2) of office space with a Bank restaurant and bar on the ground floor. Places Birmingham Lettings Agency , Deloitte & Touche, Michael Page, Mercer Human Resource Consulting and Perceptive Informatics are all tenants in the building. The services engineers were Hoare Lea & Partners, whilst Silk & Frazier were the quantity surveyors. It was the winner of the "Best of Best" award. It received top accolades in the British Council for Offices Awards 2000 and finalist status in the 2004 Brickwork Awards. Five Brindleyplace Five Brindleyplace was pre-let to BT in 1994 with design work starting in December of the same year. Construction began in June 1995. BT moved into the offices in February 1997 and is used as their regional headquarters. It provides 120,000 square feet (11,148 m 2) of office space. The construction used the curtain walling system. Argent worked with BT to provide 'green' features such as an upflow air conditioning system with heat recovery, openable windows and energy saving lighting and controls. BT is set to vacate the building during 2010. Six Brindleyplace Six Brindleyplace provides 92,000 square feet (8,547 m 2) of office space as well as offering to retail units that look over Oozells Square. The Thai Edge, which is one of these restaurants, opened in 2000. Whilst the concept architect was Allies and Morrison, the production architect was Weedon Partnership. Curtins Consulting Engineers were the structural engineers. It cost £12.3 million. Seven Brindleyplace Seven Brindleyplace provides 85,000 square feet (7,897 m 2) of office space. Construction commenced in 2002 and lasted two years. The building has a steel frame with external walls in a self-supporting brick construction with ashlar stone rustication and stone dressings. The windows are detailed in metal, as is the top storey and terminated cornice. Eight Brindleyplace Construction began on Eight Brindleyplace in July 2000. It provides 92,000 square feet (8,547 m 2) of office space, situated below 35 fully serviced apartments, in addition to ground floor retail and restaurant units. The 14 storey structure is split into nine floors of office space and five floors of residential apartments. Glamalco installed a variety of Kawneer's precision-engineered curtain walling and window products throughout the building in a partnering contract with Argent valued at approximately £1.1 million. Nine Brindleyplace Nine Brindleyplace consists 26,800 square feet (2,490 m 2) of restaurant space, 43,000 square feet (3,995 m 2) of office space and 60 parking spaces. It looks over Broad Street. It is the location of Number Nine the Gallery, a modern and fine art gallery established in 1999 by Lee Benson. It is also home to Orion Media and the studios to one of their radio stations, BRMB Ten Brindleyplace Ten Brindleyplace has 62,000 square feet (5,760 m 2) of office space as well as a 5,000 square feet (465 m 2) retail unit overlooking Broad Street. Sainsbury's Local and Natwest occupy the retail units on the ground floor. RBS Seven, Eight and Ten Brindleyplace are all owned by the Royal Bank of Scotland and are all linked to form a core building. At the time that the company decided to rent all three buildings, only Eight Brindleyplace had been completed and was designed to be a standalone building. As a result, the windows that were removed from the building so that a connection to the other two could be formed were reused in Seven and Ten Brindleyplace as to not put the windows to waste.

Water's Edge
Water's Edge was the first building to begin construction in the Brindleyplace scheme. The building contains 60,000 square metres (645,835 sq ft) of retail space along a canalside location, opposite the International Convention Centre. In 1995, it won the Top Honour Award for "Excellence on the Waterfront". It is believed that up to two million people visit The Water's Edge each year, spending up to £13.9 million.

Symphony Court
Symphony Court, developed by Crosby Homes, is located on a triangle shaped site across the Brindley Loop Canal. Completed in 1995, it is noted as being one of the earliest city centre residential developments. The complex consists of 143 houses and apartments. It has gated private access. The value of the residences increased 250% in the first few years.

Eleven Brindleyplace
The development and the surrounding canal apartments is being completed at an estimated cost of around £350 million. A planning application for the final phase of the development at 11 Brindleyplace, Brunswick Square, was submitted in September 2006. The 13 storey building was deferred over Section 106 on November 2, 2006. The building was designed by Glenn Howells Architects and is located to the rear of the Novotel hotel. It was not included in the masterplan however has been described as a "key component" for the Brindleyplace scheme. There were some issues raised over the height of the tall building in the predominantly low rise Brindleyplace development. The distinctive glazed facade to Eleven Brindleyplace is now a feature of the development and was designed by CJN Consulting Engineers Ltd . Construction commenced in February 2007 and the office building was topped out in May 2008. Argent, the developer, announced that they will be the first tenants to move into the building when it is completed in February 2009.

Squares
Brindleyplace consists of three public squares: Central Square, Oozells Square and Brunswick Square.

Central Square
Central Square consists of a 90-metre (295 ft) tree-lined area which is able to accommodate open-air performing arts events, such as ArtsFest which is held there annually. The square is paved in York stone and has a fountain featuring 38 jets of water. Situated in the centre of the square is the Brindleyplace Cafe. Constructed of glass and steel, it has an "eye-shaped" footprint. The structure consists of a tubular steel frame which is glazed. The vertical structural columns meet the roof members which cross over at a ridge. This forms two canopies which mirror the footprint of the building. Forty people can be seated in the 14-metre (45.9 ft) by 7.6-metre (24.9 ft) cafe, with 100 also able to sit outside. The glazing consists of double glazed units with a white dot fritted outer pane. This reduces glare and solar gain. Also in the square is a sculpture named "Aquaduct" by Miles Davies. Made of bronze and phosphor, the sculpture was the winning entry in a competition conducted by Brindleyplace Plc in conjunction with the Royal Society of British Sculptors. "Aquaduct" was the first of Davies' winning pieces to be unveiled in August 1995. Situated on a low stepped base, the sculpture is in two pieces and is in the form of an aqueduct. It is illuminated at night by recessed lighting. It was manufactured by Burleighfield Arts and supported by the Association for Business Sponsorship of the Arts (ABSA). The sculpture is 6.1 metres (20.0 ft) tall, 11.5 metres (37.7 ft) long and 30 centimetres (11.8 in) wide. The second work by Miles Davies in the Brindleyplace scheme is "Gates", which is a 4-metre (13.1 ft) tall, 3.8-metre (12.5 ft) long and 30-centimetre (11.8 in) wide, bronze and phosphor sculpture taking the shape of traditional lock gates on canals. Like "Aquaduct", it is a hollow construction.

Oozells Square
Oozells Square, receiving its name from Oozells Street that ran on the site before the development, features a channel of still water running diagonally which is lined by cherry trees. Paul de Monchaux designed the stone sculptured seats and the pergola which are located in the square. The main entrance to the Ikon Gallery overlooks the square.

Brunswick Square
Brunswick Square is located to the west of the development. Whilst being a pedestrian-zone, it has vehicular access. It is overlooked by the City Inn hotel and will form the main entrance to Eleven Brindleyplace.

Management
When the scheme was opened, Argent became that if the development was broken up and sold off separately, the public realm would be neglected. They took it upon themselves to manage the site in conjunction with GVA Grimley, who also have offices at Three Brindleyplace. The annual budget for the management and maintenance of the public realm at Brindleyplace is £890,000, with the overall budget for the entire scheme being £4 million. Over 70 staff help maintain Brindleyplace.

Architects involved in the scheme Building Architect Usage Completion Central Square Townshend Landscape Architects Square ?? Crescent Theatre Terry Farrell/ John Chatwin Theatre 1998 Oozells Square Townshend Landscape Architects Square ?? Water's Edge Benoy Retail September 1994 Multi-storey car park Benoy Car park ?? Ikon Gallery Levitt Bernstein Art museum 1997 Brindleyplace Café CZWG Café ?? City Inn Hulme Upright Weedon Hotel 2000s Symphony Court Lyons Sleeman Hoare Residential 1995 National Sea Life Centre Foster and Partners Aquarium June 1996 Austin Court ( IET) Roger Beale Office March 1997 Greenall's John Dixon & Associates Pub 2000s One Brindleyplace Anthony Peake Associates Office October 1995 Two Brindleyplace Allies & Morrison Office June 1997 Three Brindleyplace Demetri Porphyrios Office April 1998 Four Brindleyplace Stanton Williams Office 1999 Five Brindleyplace Sidell Gibson Partnership Office 1996 Six Brindleyplace Allies and Morrison Office and retail 2000 Seven Brindleyplace Porphyrios Associates Office 2004 Eight Brindleyplace Sidell Gibson Partnership Office 2002 Nine Brindleyplace Associated Architects Office 1999 Ten Brindleyplace Sidell Gibson Partnership Office 2004 Eleven Brindleyplace Glenn Howells Architects Office 2009

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