Boryspil Airport
Boryspil International Airport ( IATA: KBP, ICAO: UKBB) is an international airport located 6 km (3.7 mi) west of Boryspil, 29 km (18 mi) east of Kiev. It is Ukraine's largest airport, serving the major part of international flights of the country, and is one of three airports that serve Kiev, along with the smaller Zhulyany Airport and Gostomel Airport, a cargo facility used primarily by Antonov. The airport is a member of Airports Council International.

History
On 22 June 1959, the Council of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR ordered establishment of regular civil air traffic to the then military airfield near Boryspil. On 7 July 1959 the new airport (named Kiev-Tsentralnyi) received its first scheduled flight. It was Aeroflot's Tupolev Tu-104 en route from Moscow, carrying 100 passengers and about 3,500 pounds (1,600 kg) of cargo aboard. The first routes served were Moscow”“Kiev”“Moscow and Leningrad”“Kiev”“Leningrad. In November 1960, the first permanent air group consisting of Tu-104 and Antonov An-10 planes was assigned to the airport. Until then the airport had been served only by aircraft based in Moscow and other cities of the Soviet Union. A new passenger terminal of Boryspil airport was opened in 1965. Later that year an automatic landing assistance system was installed in the airport. In 1963 the Ukrainian Territorial Administration of Civil Aviation formed its Boryspil subdivision consisting of the airport and its air group. The air group grew significantly in 1960-1970s. As of 1974 it was consisting of four fleets of turbofan aircraft (Tu-104, Tu-134, Tu-154 planes) and two fleets of turboprop aircraft ( Ilyushin Il-18 planes). Towards the final decades of the Cold War, the Soviet Air Force maintained a presence at the airport with 1 VTAP (1st Military Aviation Transportation Regiment) flying Ilyushin Il-76 cargo jets. By 1980s, Boryspil airport had begun receiving limited international flights. The additional passenger services and customs/ border control groups were established for that purpose. However, ordinary Soviet citizens were not allowed to depart abroad from Kiev, instead being restricted to flying only from Moscow airports. In the late 1980s, Mikhail Saakashvili, the President of modern Georgia, served his conscript service in the Soviet border guard's Boryspil Separate Group that was maintaining border control in the airport. In 1993 the Ministry of Transportation of the newly-independent Ukraine reorganized the airport into the Boryspil State International Airport and created a local subdivision of Air Ukraine to serve it. The airport was opened for any passengers and flights. The number of air- and passenger traffic has been growing ever since. Early in the 2000s, Boryspil became a hub airport serving not only destined but also transit flights of the foreign airlines. The strategy of the airport's development is stressing the hub role since domestic passenger demand is growing insufficiently compared to the possible transit traffic. In 2001, a new runway was completed and the airport carried 1.5 million passengers . The airport has ILS CAT IIIa status. In 2002 the airport was certified under the ISO 9001 quality management system. It is one of Eastern Europe's largest airports with over six million passengers travelling in 2008. The Airport consistently accounted for between 60% and 70% of Ukraine’s air travel demand, and despite a drop of 13% in 2009 it handled 5.8 million passengers last year, more than it handled in 2007.

Development
Boryspil International Airport handles most of Ukraine's international traffic. Terminal B, with only eleven gates, two of which were air bridges, was not enough to handle all international flights from the airport. This was the reason for the expansion of that terminal, which started in 2005. The first-stage expansion of Terminal B was opened on 27 January 2006. In 2008, passport control within Terminal B Departures was moved further east (along with the entrance to the main duty-free shop so that it remains airside). There are also plans to expand the airport further by building several new terminals. The government has been having meetings with the owners of land around the airport, trying to buy more land for airport expansion. The construction of Terminal D was approved on 28 July 2008 and is expected to be completed by 2011 at a cost of UAH 1,661 billion. The terminal will have a capacity of 1,500 passengers per hour and cover an area of 44.9 hectares . Platform M, which is connected to Terminal B and requires redevelopment, was to be reconstructed in 2009-2010. The reason for the delay in its the reconstruction was the fact that Terminal B needs to be fully operational first. When Terminal D opens (building began on 24 October 2008 ), platform M can be reconstructed without having a major impact on traffic. A new runway will be constructed from 2012 to 2014. The construction of Terminal E is slated to be completed by 2012 (should funding and planning permission be in order) and it will have a capacity of 2,000 passengers per hour. As of November 1, 2010, Terminal F is in operation. By 2020, if all plans proceed, the airport should have a capacity of 18 million passengers per year . New hotels will also open near Boryspil Airport. A Radisson hotel at Boryspil airport will open in late 2011. On January 14, 2011, WizzAir announced that it will be moving its hub to Kiev's Zhulyany Airport.

Terminals
The airport has four operating terminals: Terminal A, domestic flights - ( will operate as domestic arrivals terminal only, after completion of terminal D) Terminal B, international flights - ( will operate as domestic departures terminal after completion of terminal D) Terminal C, business jets and VIP passengers Terminal F, was opened on 21 September 2010 as a home base for Ukraine International Airlines. Terminal F started handling regular flights as of October 31, 2010 with an initial capacity of 900 passengers/hour. There is also one further terminal under construction: Terminal D, construction of which began on 24 March 2008 with a 3,100 passengers per hour capacity is expected to be completed by December 2011 . In addition there is one planned terminal: Terminal E, with a 2,000 passengers per hour capacity is expected to be completed ca. 2015

Airlines and destinations
All scheduled domestic routes from Boryspil Airport

Other facilities
The head office of Aerosvit is located on the airport property.

Cargo airlines
Official delegations of foreign governments typically land at Boryspil

Rail link
In August 2010, the Ukrainian government announced plans to build a rail link from the airport to Kiev's central station, aiming to complete this project by spring 2012, in time for the Euro 2012 football tournament to be held in Poland and Ukraine . Currently the government expects to use new trains of a higher speed than those typical for Ukrainian railways. In September 2010, an agreement was reached with the Chinese Government and a Chinese construction firm to fund and begin work on this project. The line's route will comprise an 8 km electrified spur from an existing rail line, terminating in the airport's central terminal area.

Airlines Destinations Terminal Adria Airways Seasonal: Ljubljana F Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo B Aerosvit Airlines Chernivtsi, Dnipropetrovsk, Donetsk, Ivano-Frankivsk, Kharkiv, Odessa, Simferopol, Uzhhorod A Aerosvit Airlines Aktau , Almaty, Antalya, Astana, Athens, Baku, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Beijing-Capital, Belgrade, Bucharest-Henri Coandă, Budapest, ChişinÇŽu, Copenhagen, Delhi, Dubai, Hamburg, Istanbul-Atatürk, Kaliningrad, Karlovy Vary , Kostanay , Krakow, Krasnodar , Larnaca, London-Gatwick, Minsk, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Moscow-Vnukovo, Naples, New York-JFK, Novosibirsk , Prague, Riga, St Petersburg, Sofia, Stockholm-Arlanda, Stuttgart , Tashkent, Tbilisi, Tel Aviv, Toronto-Pearson, Vilnius, Warsaw, Yerevan B Air Arabia Sharjah B Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle F Air Moldova ChişinÇŽu F AirBaltic Riga B Alitalia Rome-Fiumicino F Arkia Israel Airlines Tel Aviv B Armavia Yerevan F Austrian Airlines Vienna Seasonal: Innsbruck F Austrian operated by Tyrolean Airways Vienna F Azerbaijan Airlines Baku F Belavia Minsk B British Airways London-Heathrow F Caspian Airlines Tehran-Imam Khomeini F Czech Airlines Prague B Delta Air Lines Seasonal: New York-JFK B Dniproavia Chernivtsi, Dnipropetrovsk, Ivano-Frankivsk, Kharkiv, Luhansk, Lviv, Odessa, Sevastopol, Simferopol, Uzhgorod A Donbassaero Donetsk, Kharkiv, Odessa, Simferopol A Donbassaero Tel Aviv, Vilnius, Yerevan B El Al Tel Aviv B Estonian Air Tallinn F Finnair Helsinki F Georgian Airlines Batumi, Tbilisi B KLM Amsterdam F Libyan Airlines Tripoli F LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw B Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich F Lufthansa Regional operated by Lufthansa CityLine Düsseldorf F Motor Sich Airlines Zaporizhia A Malév Hungarian Airlines Budapest B Nouvelair Djerba F Rossiya St Petersburg F Royal Jordanian Amman-Queen Alia F RusLine Yekaterinburg F S7 Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo B Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen F Transaero Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo B Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk B Turkmenistan Airlines Ashgabat F Ukraine International Airlines Dnipropetrovsk , Donetsk, Lviv, Odessa, Simferopol A Ukraine International Airlines Abu Dhabi, Almaty, Amsterdam, Antalya, Astana , Barcelona, Berlin-Tegel, Brussels, Colombo, Dubai, Dubrovnik, Frankfurt, Geneva, Goa, Helsinki, Lisbon, London-Gatwick, Madrid, Milan-Malpensa, Nice, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Pula, Rome-Fiumicino, Samara , Split, Tel Aviv, Tbilisi, Vienna, Zürich F Ural Airlines Yekaterinburg F UM Airlines Amman-Queen Alia, Beirut, Damascus, Tivat, Tehran-Imam Khomeini F UTair Aviation Surgut F Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent F Wind Jet Rimini F Wind Rose Aviation Ivano-Frankivsk, Lviv A Wind Rose Aviation Batumi, Kalinigrad, Kutaisi, Pula, Tashkent, Tbilisi F Wizz Air Hungary London-Luton F Wizz Air Ukraine Simferopol A Wizz Air Ukraine Cologne/Bonn , Dortmund , Lübeck , Katowice , Memmingen , Stockholm-Skavsta , Venice-Treviso F Airlines Destinations Aero Charter Kharkiv, Luxembourg, Leipzig/Halle, Simferopol Cargolux Luxembourg DHL Express Brussels Motor Sich Airlines Ankara, Bratislava, Zaporizhia Ukraine International Airlines Faro, Vienna Ukrainian Cargo Airways Asia, Europe, Ukraine, Middle East Volare Airlines London-Luton, Lviv Volga-Dnepr Russia

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