Barsebäck nuclear power plant

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Barsebäck nuclear power plant

Barsebäck is a closed boiling water nuclear power plant in Sweden, which is situated in Barsebäck, Kävlinge Municipality, Skåne. Located just 20 kilometers from the Danish capital, Copenhagen, the Danish government pressed for its closure during its entire lifetime. As a result of the Swedish nuclear power phase-out, its two reactors have now been closed. The first reactor, Barsebäck 1, was closed November 30, 1999, and the second, Barsebäck 2, ceased operations May 31, 2005.

Land for the plant was bought in 1965 by the energy company Sydkraft, and the first of the two BWR reactors was ordered from Asea-Atom in 1969. Unit one first attained criticality on January 18, 1975 and commercial operation began on May 15. The second reactor attained criticality on March 21, 1977 and commercial operation began on June 12. Following a decision in the Parliament in 1997, the Government of Sweden decided that the first reactor was to close July 1, 1998, and the second July 1, 2001. Due to the operator's appeal of the decision, the closure was postponed. The destruction of the facility will await the construction of a storage facility, scheduled to be ready by 2020.

At the time of closure, each reactor had a capacity of 600 megawatts. The plant was operated by Barsebäck Kraft AB, a subsidiary of Ringhals AB, owned by Vattenfall and Sydkraft.