Bansagar

Bansagar or Ban Sagar Dam (ISAT:Bāṇasāgar, Hindi:बाणसागर) is a multipurpose Rriver Valley Project on Son River situated in Ganga Basin in Madhya Pradesh, India envisaging both irrigation and hydroelectric power generation.

The Bansagar Dam across Sone River has been constructed at village Deolond in Shahdol district on Rewa – Shahdol road, at a distance of 51.4 km from Rewa. The project has been named as “Bansagar” after Bana Bhatt, the renowned Sanskrit scholar of 7th century, who is believed to have hailed from this region in India. Bansagar Dam is located at Latitude 24-11-30 N and Longitude 81-17-15 E.

The project was initially envisaged as "Dimba Project" in 1956 by Central Water Commission, New Delhi to be constructed on Sone River at the confluence of Sone and Banas River near Shikarganj town 30 km down the present site. Later it was shifted to the present site at Deolond. There was an agreement in 1973 between the State Governments of Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar for the construction of the Dam, according to which States had to share the expenditure in the ratio of 2:1:1. The sharing of 4 maf water is also to be done by the states in the same ratio. The construction work was started in year 1978 at original approved cost of Rs. 91.31 crores. The latest estimated cost in 1998 was Rs. 1054.96 crores.

Bansagar Dam and reservoir data
  • Catchment area : 18648 km²
  • Dam height : 67 metre
  • Dam length : 1020 metre
  • Dam type : Masonry/Earthen
  • Spillway capacity : 47742 m³/s
  • Live storage : 5.41 km³
  • Submergence area : 587.54 km²
  • Population affected : 250000 persons (54686 families)
  • Villages submerged : 336
  • Year of start : 1978
  • Year of completion : 2006
Project benefits
Irrigation

The water sharing from Bansagar Dam is as under:

  • Madhya Pradesh : 2,000,000 acre feet (2.5×109 m3)
  • Uttar Pradesh  : 1,000,000 acre feet (1.2×109 m3)
  • Bihar  : 1,000,000 acre feet (1.2×109 m3)

Bansagar will provide irrigation facility over an area of 2,490 km² in Madhya Pradesh, 1,500 km²; in Uttar Pradesh and 940 km² in Bihar.

Power generation

It also provides power generation of 425 MW in Madhya Pradesh.

Bansagar Canal Project

The Bansagar Canal Project was also started in 1978 and is likely to be completed in year 2008. Following Canal System, which will utilize water from the Bansagar Reservoir, are in progress as under:

Submergence of Bansagar

The Land under submergence of Bansagar at Full Reservoir Level (F.R.L 341.64 m.) is 587.54 km², out of which 40.73 km² is forest land, 175.90 km² revenue land 1.31 km² public land and 369.59 km² private land.

Total 336 villages have come under submergence of Bansagar Reservoir out of which 79 villages are fully submerged and rest 257 villages are under partial submergence.

Fully submerged villages

All the 79 fully submerged villages in Bansagar have been displaced and lost their geographical existence from the map. Some of historically important villages submerged fully are Ramnagar, Deorajnagar, Baraundha, Markandeya-ghat, Darbar etc. The district wise details of these submerged and lost villages are as under:

Satna district (48 villages)

Amjhori Dakshin, Baikona No.-2, Bela (Near Remar), Bamhauri (Bimhauri), Barauli, Baikona No.-1, Bara, Barsajaha, Bela Tiwari, Banneh, Chhirahai, Deoraj nagar, Dhol baja, Dala, Daga Kothar, Dighiya Khurd, Garehara, Gurha, Hinauta Khurd (Unumukt), Hinauta Khothar, Itma (Near Deoraj Nagar), Itma (Near Ram Nagar), Jarmani, Jirauha, Kusmaha, Khajura, Khajuri, Kauhara, Kareha bela, Kothar, Karahiya, Kalla Khurd, Kalla Kala, Ladwad No.-1, Ladwad No.-2, Mala Dabar, Mirgauti, Mohari Khurd, Patha, Patehari, Poriya, Parariya, Pipari Dakshin, Rimar, Semariha, Semra, Singhpur, Semariya (Sanaga), Tilokawa

Shahdol district (22 villages)

Bodra, Barundha, Dhanedi Purva, Dhaneda, Dhanedi Pashchim, Dhanedi Vikram, Ghusira, Jamun Darhi, Jhirkona, Kusiara, Karahiya, Karri, Karaundiya Pashchim, Karaundiya Purva, Karaundiya Kothar, Kanbau, Kachhara Tola, Marha, Magaraha, Palwahi, Pahariya, Sonvarsha

Katni district (6 villages)

Amakola, Doli, Itahara, Kudri, Naubasta, Podi

Umaria district (3 villages)

Darbar, Sahijana, Hinauti

Dedicated to nation

The foundation of ambitious Bansagar project was laid by Late Prime Minister Morarji Desai on 14 May 1978. The Bansagar Dam was dedicated to nation on 25 September 2006 by Atal Bihari Vajpayee, former Prime Minister of India.

Foot notes

Media

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