Auckland Town Hall
The Auckland Town Hall is a historic building in the main street of Auckland City, New Zealand, known both for its original and ongoing use for administrative functions (such as Council meetings and hearings), as well as for its famed Great Hall and its separate Concert Chamber. The Town Hall and its surrounding context is highly protected as a 'Category A' heritage place in the city's district plan.


Opened on 14 December 1911 by Baron Islington, then the Governor General of New Zealand, the building is one of the most prominent heritage structures on Queen Street. Costing £ 126,000 to construct, it was designed by Melbourne architects, JJ & EJ Clarke, their Italian Renaissance Revival building selected from amongst 46 proposals. The five-storey building was specially designed to fit the wedge-shaped piece of land that had been acquired for it at the meeting of Queen Street and Grey Street. The town hall formed Auckland's first permanent seat of both administration and entertainment in the young city's early history, with its Great Hall (seating 1,673 people) modelled on the Gewandhaus in Leipzig, and being considered as having one of the finest acoustics in the world. Its interior was extensively restored from 1994-1997 for NZ$ 33 million, partially because the unreinforced masrony structure did not meet earthquake standards, especially as a gathering place. Sinclair Knight Merz pioneered various techniques to reinforce the structure without substantially changing the heritage character of the building. The exterior has recently (2007) undergone some restoration work as well. Original ornate details of the exterior Oamaru limestone had been largely removed in the earthquake hysteria of the 1950s, and during aggressive stone cleaning. These were, after careful research and analysis, replaced during the restoration by new limestone sourced from the same levels of the North Otago quarry that provided the original stone. Interior acoustic performance was corrected through the removal of earlier ill-judged and obtrusive intervention measures, and their replacement by less-visible and more effective treatments. Interior paintwork was restored throughout to the original Edwardian-era colours. Complex fragmented porcelain and glazed ceramic tiling was restored with exact new purpose-made replicas in the lavish main entrance foyer. Stained-glass windows were restored and (where necessary) rebuilt, and the entire building was unobtrusively fire protected.

The Town Hall organ, also dating from 1911, is the largest musical instrument in the country, and is itself a 'Protected Object' in New Zealand law. It was extensively remodelled in 1969-1970 when the organ reform movement reached New Zealand, significantly altering and reducing the original Romantic-era power, discarding many parts of the original, and adding new ones to produce a then-fashionable Baroque sound. The resulting compromised instrument was dismantled in January 2008 for restoration and rebuilding. The rebuilt organ, incorporating remaining parts of the 1911 original, some recently recovered components, and new elements, was built by Orgelbau Klais of Bonn, Germany. It was to return at the end of 2008, to be reassembled as the country's largest (and once again most powerful) organ. Auckland city had committed itself to providing NZ$3 million to the restoration project, with a $500,000 remainder obtained via private fundraising. The restored organ was officially unveiled on 21 March 2010, with a specially commissioned symphony.