Alamoot villageEdit profile
Alamoot village is designed as a small mountainous village allocated mainly to residential, cultural and economical activities in Alamoot region . Considering historically and aesthetically significant potentials of the region ( As the historical capital of Ismailie and Hasan Sabah ) and following the raise in cultural values demolishing , economical stagnation and migration in the rural areas ;experts took the position that a project based on the principles of eco-tourism would make positive contribution to the local community through locally defined initiatives . The project Alamoot village not only aims to revitalize the local cultural , social and economical principles in collaboration with the natives but also tries to develop the local community and eco-tourism knowledge by extending their communication and last but not least improving the economical condition in the region . The village plan consist of 10 major parts : 1- Accommodation part which is allocated to the groups of :Eco-tourists , archeologists , experts of environmental , agricultural and demography issues and etc. 2- Working and exhibiting place for demonstrating herbal plants processing and selling the products to the visitors . 3- Permanent indoor and daily outdoor markets for selling local community products including dairy , foods , agricultural products as well as handicrafts . 4-Traditional restaurants for serving organic and traditional food of the region made by local cook. 5- Indoor sport and recreational center. 6- An auditorium to hold seminars of scientific issues as well as committing traditional and ritual local ceremonies. 7- ICT center as a center for engaging the local community with the international world and market. In order to demonstrate their cultural and environmental potentials, introducing the village facilities as well as trading their products via the net market. 8- Courts as the centers for outdoor social activity, communication and holding ceremonies. 9- fields of cultivating herbal medicine and plants for the use of the village and selling on the market . 10 - Underground parking beneath the village for daily services and an open space parking outside the site of the village (cars are not allowed to enter on the site surface ) Planning principles and sustainability strategies : As the main principle it can be claimed that the design aims to lay down an integrated view of man living in harmony with nature , culture and economy of the context ;which are considered as three realms of sustainable design . The aforementioned principles had been seriously taken into consideration by the ancestors of the natives living in the region and have been forgotten in contemporary life . The architecture here aims to revitalize and develop the native knowledge of construction with the state of art science in a way that the project basically follows the principles of its context just like its ancestors . The village is targeted to be as self –sustaining as possible in terms of water , waste , food and energy .Relevant strategies explained below would be regarded as provisions concluding this goals . 1- Typologically, cascading terraces form of the village follows the slope on the site and hence the orientation of the terraces face the south .Advantages include : A- The village would merge into the landscape B- Reaping the benefits of south sunlight via the south facing windows and providing the indoor space with the view of the Ovan lake C- making use of soil as natural insulation , hence reducing heating and cooling load . D – Socially speaking rooftops of the lower level will be used as courtyards of upper levels for outdoor social activity , gathering and communication 2- cascading land around the village are used to grow crops and plants that have been used for food , medicine and traditional ceremonies Advantages of this strategy include : A- promoting sustainable agriculture practices for local community as well as experts and agri-tourisms participating in the agricultural activities . B- Integrating architecture and cultural activities by including visitors participation in the traditional passive cultivation and gathering of native plants . C- making the village self-sufficient in case of food and herbal plants 4- Allocating an open space area near the main entrance to outdoor daily market for selling the local community products and handicrafts. Positive points here include : A- The income from t would be intended to support local community economy . B- Juxtaposition of the natives and tourist would encourage more interaction . 5- Utilizing several methods for regulating interior temperature as well as providing the village with clean energy including : A- Flowing supply air in tubes channeled beneath the earth as a passive strategy of moderating the air and reducing the mechanical system load. B-A set of solar collectors will settle in the southern fields to harvest electricity from the sun C- Provision of cross ventilation in the rooms D- developing the strategies of controlling sun light and heat by the use of local shading devices – including secondary wooden netted windows and grape vine in front of openings . 6- Applying Ice-box and snow storage method in winter to reduce the cooling load in summer by pre-cooling the supply air Ice box system also would help purifying grey water pollutants by freezing it . 7- collecting and recycling grey water, rainfall and snow melt by the use of contemporary and traditional means for farming irrigation and being used in toilets. 8- Developing dry and wet waste disposal management strategies in the site in a way that practical outputs will be achieved and the need to transportation would be eliminated : A- composting organic waste into a fertile soil and burning gas for the village use B- utilizing unrecyclable waste to make retaining walls capable of growing plants on them . 9-Utilizing local and recyclable materials i.e. wood , stone , soil,..in design principles as a key strategy to make the village environmentally responsible and responsive .