Agigawa Dam
Agigawa Dam is a dam built on the Kisogawa River system, located in the Higashino section of Ena City, in Gifu Prefecture, Japan.

History
Agigawa River connects with the Kisogawa River just below ÅŒi Dam, running through a basin with a fairly large 2,000 mm of annual rainfall, and has been long been used by Gifu Prefecture's TÅnÅ region (which includes Ena City and Nakatsugawa City) for tap water and industrial-use water. However, in times of heavy rainfall, Agigawa River would quickly overflow, causing water damage to surrounding areas. The river flows through Ena City, making levee construction difficult; the ChÅ«Å Expressway and the Central Japan Railway Company's ChÅ«Å Main Line also cross the river, which led to increased demand for safe flood control measures. Demand for tap water for Nagoya and the ChÅ«kyÅ Metropolitan Area's postwar population boom, as well as industrial-use water for the ChÅ«kyÅ and TÅkai Industrial Areas had also risen. Attempts to meet water demand for Aichi Prefecture came up short, with the Makio Dam on the ÅŒtakigawa River alone proving insufficient. Water was also in short supply in Gifu Prefecture's TÅnÅ region, centering around Tajimi City, sometimes escalating to drought. Existing water rights and hydroelectricity-use water rights were given priority, precluding the possibility of siphoning off water from the middle of the river, and forcing the creation of multiple small ponds for storing water. With these problems in mind, the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (now the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fishery) unveiled its plan to construct Agigawa Dam to"among other things"secure new water rights for irrigation of Gifu Prefecture's TÅnÅ region. In 1967, the project was passed along to the Ministry of Construction's Regional Developmental Bureau (now the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism ChÅ«bu Regional Developmental Bureau, and in 1969 the construction plans for a special multi-purpose dam were drafted. The Kisogawa River had already been marked for water resource development following the Water Resources Development Promotion Act in 1966, but in March of 1973 the "Kisogawa River Water System Development Plan" was partially amended, and the project was inherited by the Water Resources Development Public Corporation (now the (Incorporated Administrative) Japan Water Agency). With this, the construction of the multi-purpose Agigawa Dam continued, with the goal of leveraging both flood prevention and better water usage.

Purpose
Agigawa Dam was initially slated for completion in 1985, but ran into opposition from 30 households in Ena City's Higashino area and Nakatsugawa City (including the former Iwamura village) that were to be submerged as part of the dam's creation. The dam is located near the main part of Ena City, and residents also opposed it on grounds that it would've disrupted the area's excellent transportation; negotiations stalled. In response, the dam was designated as subject to the Act on Special Measures for Up-stream Area Development, enacted in 1973. This raised the amount of funding for compensating households affected by the dam's construction, as well as funding used for developing local infrastructure related to reservoir area development, which helped move negotiations forward, culminating in the start of construction on the main dam. After 21 years, the dam was completed in 1990. Agigawa Dam is a central rock-filled impermeable embankment-type dam, with an original height of 100.0 meters that was later extended to 102.0 meters but sank to 101.5 meters. The dam site is curved, and resembles an arch when viewed from the air. One of its purposes is flood control across the Agigawa River and Kisogawa River system's central and lower sections. Along with Maruyama Dam (on the Kisogawa River) and a cluster of other multi-purpose dams on the Kisogawa River system, the standardized design flood discharge level at Mount Inuyama was lowered from 16,000 tons per second by 3,500 tons to 12,500 tons per second. Another purpose is for unspecified water utilization, which Agigawa Dam provides for by maintaining the proper flow and ecosystem of the Kisogawa River, thus securing customary water usage rights for farmlands in the area. Agigawa Dam along with Makio Dam and Misogawa Dam provide a source of water to Aichi Prefecture, including tap water for the Owari region, the Chita Peninsula, Nagoya, and Gifu Prefecture's TÅnÅ region, as well as tap and industrial water to cities of Tajimi, Toki, Mizunami, Ena, and Nakatsugawa. The dam's presence is felt in times of drought, as in 1994's drought when water to the Chita Peninsula was cut off for 19 hours on one day.

Recreation for Ena City residents
The artificial lake created by Agigawa Dam is called Agigawako Lake. On the right bank of the dam there is a small museum, restaurant, park, and other facilities, providing a recreational spot for the people of Ena. Summertime fireworks and water fountains that preserve water quality on the lake can also be enjoyed. A concert was held on the lake bottom before it was filled during initial impoundment. In 2005, Agigawa Dam was named as one of the Water Resources Environment Engineering Center's "Selected 100 Dam Lakes" upon recommendation by the city of Ena, along with ÅŒi Dam (on the Kisogawa River). The same area features a number of other attractions such as Ena Gorge, Iwamura Castle (made famous in the tale of the "Castle Mistress"), Japan TaishÅ Village (a theme park), the cities of Toki and Mizunami (which concentrate on the production of Mino ceramic ware and Oribe ware), the Magome-juku and Tsumago-juku ("stations" on an ancient route connecting KyÅto and Edo), and Museum Meijimura/Inuyama Castle. Many visitors travel to the area as a tourist destination. To reach the dam, take the ChÅ«Å Expressway from the Ena Interchange, and after Route 19, transfer to Route 257 from the Masaie intersection, heading straight toward Iwamura until you arrive at the dam. If traveling via public transportation, take the ChÅ«Å Main Line to Ena Station, and then transfer to the TÅnÅ Railways bus going toward TÅnÅ Station, riding for about 15 to 20 minutes and getting off the bus at "Higashino Koujima".