original publication material - courtesy of Foster + Partners
10 Gresham StreetEdit profile
The City of London and its environs are characterised for the most part by relatively low-rise buildings laid out on an essentially mediaeval street plan. Designing new buildings in this context is a delicate balancing act between commercial requirements, the need for flexibility, and respect for the area’s historical character and traditional materials. This office building is located in a particularly sensitive area of the City, just south of the Guildhall, and close to two nineteenth-century livery halls: Wax Chandlers Hall and Goldsmiths Hall.
Rising eight storeys above ground, the building adopts the optimum template for new office development in the City: 18-metre-deep floor plates line a central atrium, which extends below ground level to bring daylight down into the basement floors, dissolving conventional distinctions between ground and subterranean levels. Heightening this sense of light and space, the lifts and lobbies are all glazed so as to cast sunlight around the circulation spaces. Externally, the corner stair towers, which anchor the building visually, are clad in limestone, the stone flank walls wrapping into the building to provide a point of continuity between inside and outside. The ventilated, triple-glazed office facades, which incorporate louvres to control solar gain and glare, are designed to maximise natural light levels, minimise energy consumption and ensure a high level of environmental comfort.
The development takes advantage of a site bounded almost entirely by streets, to create a stand-alone building, a comparatively rare achievement in the City. To the south, it is pulled back from the site boundary to create a more respectful relationship with Wax Chandler’s Hall. The resulting passage between the two buildings opens out into a small public court, used as a cut-through to the adjacent Gutter Lane or simply as somewhere to sit during a lunch break. In this way, the building aims not only to offer a light and flexible workspace but also to reinforce the traditional pattern of streets and passageways that give the City its charm.
Description by architects